Construction industry

Ultimate Guide to House Construction in India | Step-by-Step Process

Jan 27 2023


House construction becomes quite exciting once you understand how the process works. All house construction projects vary in size, budget, choices, scope, execution, and results. Regardless of any house construction, the process of the project remains the same. The house construction journey is quite a long, steady and stressful process. However, with clear and logical project management guidelines, one can make an informed choice beginning with the project's planning, execution, and completion. A practical understanding of every step of the house construction process helps turn your ideas into reality.

To help you prepare for and understand the house construction steps, we will discuss in this guide all the end-to-end steps involved during the construction of a house

Important Factors to Consider while Selecting a Construction Site

You can construct a house that fits your lifestyle by following several key steps and factors. Choosing a site is one of the crucial phases to which one must pay close attention. Site Analysis or study of a site is the first crucial phase in the design and construction of a house process. Many people need help choosing a site, especially those needing more experience with site surveys or analysis. It is not enough to visit the location and do an inspection; you must also be aware of all its unique aspects to understand how to begin your building design and construction.

Below are some of the few important factors you must keep a check while selecting a construction site:

Location: Understanding the site's location in great detail is one of the main goals of a site study. Gather information on the site's location, including the address, the road it is on, important intersections, the area it is in, significant landmarks, etc. In addition to all of these details, consider the several ways you can reach your site.

Shape & Size: The site's shape and size are other important factors. The site should be big enough to accommodate expansion in the future, and it should have an even shape without any abrupt edges. The site's geometry has a role in determining the construction's architectural scale, shape, and form, including whether it will take a regular, semi-regular, or irregular shape.

Access to Utility and Raw Materials: Any building or construction project must be carried out in an area with easy access to infrastructure and utilities. There should be electricity, a water supply, healthcare, a mall, an efficient garbage disposal system, and other necessities. The accessibility to the raw materials used to design or construct a building is another important factor one must consider. This will enable you to refrain from paying for transportation or importing raw materials to the location.

Topography: In site analysis, the topography of the site is crucial. The topographic element is influenced by the slope of the terrain or whether it has a level or uneven surface. Although it is always preferable to plan a building along the contour of the plot, it becomes more difficult when a site has a sloping surface.

Soil Type: A particular site may contain a variety of soil types. As a result, you need to pay attention to the soil available on your site and assess its suitability for construction. The soil type chosen for the foundation should lead to something other than a cracked building. Therefore, to construct a foundation and structural system that will function effectively and efficiently, we need to learn about the safe load-bearing capacity of the soil.

Temperature: The layout of the design should take into account the area's annual average monthly temperature. In a hot climate, a design should be made to keep the interior of the building cooler. When constructing a building for a cold area, consider how much heat the sun will impart inside the building structure.

Process of Designing a House

Designing a new house requires a lot of planning and consideration. When creating a house plan for your dream home, you have to take a lot of factors into account, from the size and layout of the plot to the soil's quality to the right side of the house, the number of floors to be built, and finally the building layout. Therefore, a well-conceived and designed floor plan and house plan serve as the foundation.

Following are the Steps for Designing a House:

Measuring the Land: To determine the working area, measuring the land would be essential. It would be simple for the architect to create the initial layout once you have the statistics.

Choosing Designer & Architect: Selecting the ideal designer is a very important step. Designers provide various services, from concept design to detailed design and project management. They are also capable of leading a group of specialized consultants. Each phase of your project requires the involvement of an architect. An engineer must also be present. To realize your vision for your home, your chosen architect must thoroughly understand your tastes and lifestyle. Structural engineer is also necessary because they are integral to the design process and work closely with the construction teams.

Fee Proposal: Ask your designer to analyze your preliminary budget to spot potential issues and offer solutions. As part of your brief, your designer should also estimate the expenses for each sustainable design element and suggest any extra ones that would be appropriate for your location or climate. Consider these expenses from a lifetime perspective.

Concept Designs: Designers frequently create several concept designs, so you may evaluate them about your brief and speak with them. Construction systems should be considered in concept designs, but they should only be fixed if they are an essential part of your brief. Your climate and other design considerations will influence the choice of high- or low-mass materials and the amount of mass needed in the floor, walls, or roof to provide thermal comfort.

Final Design: You complete and approve all design components at this point. After this stage is approved, changes will likely increase the design cost. You must complete selecting interior finishes and appliances and completing the landscaping design.

Planning Approval: This brings into the ability to accept any design modifications requested by authorities before developing the design in detail, saving time and money.